Peter Hotez, MD, PhD, dean, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine; co-director, Center for Vaccine Development, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston.
Paul Offit, MD, director, Vaccine Education Center and professor of pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Ground Truths. Eric Topol, MD: “The bivalent vaccine booster outperforms.”
CDC: “COVID Data Tracker: Weekly Review,” “Rates of Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 Hospitalizations by Vaccination Status,” “Trend in the Number of COVID-19 Vaccinations in the U.S.”
FDA: “Vaccine and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee January 26 Meeting Announcement.”
The New England Journal of Medicine: “Immunogenicity of BA.5 Bivalent mRNA Vaccine Boosters,” “Antibody Response to Omicron BA.4-BA.5 Bivalent Booster,” “Neutralization against BA.2.75.2, BQ.1.1, and XBB from mRNA Bivalent Booster,” “Bivalent Covid-19 Vaccines – A Cautionary Tale.”
Nature Medicine: “Low neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2.75.2, BQ.1.1 and XBB.1 by parental mRNA vaccine or a BA.5 bivalent booster.”
BioRxiv: “Bivalent mRNA vaccine improves antibody-mediated neutralization of many SARS-CoV-2 Omicron lineage variants,” “Improved Neutralization of Omicron BA.4/5, BA.4.6, BA.2.75.2, BQ.1.1, and XBB.1 with Bivalent BA.4/5 Vaccine.”
Kaiser Family Foundation: “ How Much Could COVID-19 Vaccines Cost the U.S. After Commercialization?”
Alison Chartan, spokesperson, Novavax.
Pfizer Media Relations.